Addiction results due to various reasons. Mostly people get into the habit to overcome the emotional traumas they have undergone. Plenty of researches are carried out to identify the root cause of alcohol addictions. Daily consumption of alcohol, as practiced by the addicts can lead to several disabilities in the body. So, alcohol addictions should not be neglected rather addressed before it's too late.
An alcohol rehab center
An alcohol rehab center offers help to a patient to reduce and eventually get rid of addiction. A rehab is a house where people suffering from various addictions are kept together under strict supervision and assistance. Each rehab center has different set of programs to deal with addiction cases of different intensities. Strict rules and procedures are followed by these institutions to help patients reduce their dependency on alcohol.
Most addicts fail to control alcohol consumption themselves. With a little help, the process becomes easier. This is what the rehab centers intend to do. They make the recovery process easier for alcohol addicts through efficient treatment methods.
Types of treatments to deal with alcoholism
The U.S Food and Administration suggests four treatment methods to deal with alcohol addictions. These are Acamprosate, Injectable Naltrexone, Oral Naltrexone and Disulfiram. Researches conducted in this field suggest that, medication accompanied with therapies help to treat alcoholism better. Medications also help to reduce the severe withdrawal symptoms and incessant cravings that patients undergo.
Acamprosate is a treatment which helps to restore the stability of brain damaged due to regular alcohol intakes. Withdrawal symptoms that patients experience with Acamprosate is long lasting but relatively milder when compared to other treatment methods. Studies showed that this method works well for the alcoholics determined to get rid of the habit. It starts showing effects within 5 to 8 days of consumption.
Oral Naltrexone helps to reduce alcohol consumption naturally by developing distaste in the body towards the substance. It reduces the craving for alcohol, as drinking doesn't provide patients with the desired pleasure. This leads to the consumption rate going down among addicts.
How does Oral Naltrexone work? It blocks the receptor neurons present in the opioid system of the brain. The receptors, being blocked, alcohol consumption does not produce the pleasure, it usually does.
Injectable Naltrexone works similar to how Oral Naltrexone does. It lessens alcohol consumption by reducing the pleasure derived out of it. The only difference between these two methods is that Oral Naltrexone needs to be consumed on a regular basis while Injectable Naltrexone remains active in the body for a month after injecting.
Disulfiram ceases alcohol consumption as patients consuming Disulfiram are not able to drink alcohol at all. Every time they try to do so, they fall seriously ill.
How does the method work? Human body metabolizes alcohol into acetaldehyde initially and then into acetic acid. Consuming Disulfiram disrupts the metabolic process resulting in the alcoholic falling seriously ill. He or she experiences, vomiting and nausea, muscle weakness, chest pains and dizziness after drinking alcohol.